An introduction to the ideas surrounding chemical equilibria including the concept of a dynamic equilibrium, Le Chatelier's Principle, and a detailed look at the equilibrium aspects of the Haber Process, the Contact Process and the manufacture of ethanol from ethene. Plus an introductory look at equilibrium constants, Kc and Kp.
An introduction to the measurement and use of standard electrode potentials (redox potentials). Includes a discussion of the electrochemical series and the use of redox potentials in predicting the feasibility of redox reactions.
Including: acid-base theories; strong and weak acids and bases; an introduction to pH, Kw and pKw, Ka and pKa, Kb and pKb; buffer solutions; pH curves and indicators.
Solubility products, their units, and a brief introduction to calculations involving them.
An introduction to saturated vapour pressure, Raoult's Law, and to several types of phase diagrams – including phase diagrams for pure substances, solutions of non-volatile solutes, eutectic mixtures, systems of two miscible liquids (including fractional distillation), and systems of two immiscible liquids (including steam