An introduction to carboxylic acids and their salts, including their bonding and their physical properties.
Reduction of carboxylic acids
The reduction of carboxylic acids to primary alcohols using lithium tetrahydridoaluminate(III) (lithium aluminium hydride).
Making acyl chlorides (acid chlorides)
Replacing the -OH in the -COOH group with chlorine using phosphorus(V) chloride, phosphorus(III) chloride or sulfur dichloride oxide (thionyl chloride).